查尔斯贺治 CHARLES HODGE
Charles Hodge查尔斯•贺治在改革宗教会可谓大名鼎鼎。其所著系统神学Systematic Theology是三大卷的巨著。
下文选自其系统神学第二大卷第三部分拯救论（PART III. SOTERIOLOGY）第四章属性交通的结果（Consequences of the Hypostatical Union）。作者在拯救论部分主要论及上帝为拯救世人所定之目的与计划，救主的位格及工作等等。第四章的主题就是论述基督二性因着“属性交通”而在其位格中产生的结果。作者论述说，因着属性的交通，基督二性的每一性都可归之于其整个位格，基督是必死的又是不朽的，是出于尘土的被造物又是永恒的上帝之子，是低于上帝的又是与上帝平等的。
Another obvious inference from this doctrine is that the man Christ Jesus is the object of religious worship. To worship, in the religious sense of the word, is to ascribe divine perfections to its object. The possession of those perfections, is, therefore, the only proper ground for such worship. The humanity of Christ, consequently, is not the ground of worship, but it enters into the constitution of that person who, being God over all and blessed forever, is the object of adoration to saints and angels. We accordingly find that it was He whom they saw, felt, and handled, that the Apostles worshipped as their Lord and God; whom they loved supremely, and to whom they consecrated themselves as a living sacrifice.
About Systematic Theology Volume II by Charles Hodge Title: Systematic Theology Volume II URL: http://www.ccel.org/ccel/hodge/theology2.html Author(s): Hodge, Charles (17971878) Publisher: Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Classics Ethereal Library
Description: One of the great defenders of Calvinism, Charles Hodge is a wellknown and important theologian. He taught at Princeton Theological Seminary for fifty years, and was its "principal" for over twenty-five years. He had a significant impact upon the intellectual climate of the 19th century. His Systematic Theology is his greatest work. Composed of three separate volumes, it addresses some of the most important theological questions of both that time and our current time. The first volume contains an introduction and then addresses Theology Proper the study of God. The second volume examines Anthropology the study of human beings—and Soteriology the study of salvation. The third, and final volume, discusses Eschatology the study of end times. Hodge's Systematic Theology is clearly a work of reformed thought, but is profitable for study even outside the reformed community. Further, this unabridged version of his work retains the mastery of Hodge's work. Since the first publication of these volumes, countless theologians and pastors have found them helpful. Use them as a study aid or for personal edification.
CCEL Staff Writer
Rights: Copyright Christian Classics Ethereal Library
Date Created: 20050620
CCEL Subjects: All; Theology
§ 4. Consequences of the Hypostatical Union.
Communion of Attributes.
The first and most obvious of these consequences is, the κοινωνία ἰδιωμάτων, or communion of attributes. By this is not meant that the one nature participates in the attributes of the other, but simply that the person is the κοινωνός, or partaker of the attributes of both natures; so that whatever may be affirmed of either nature may be affirmed of the person. As of a man can be affirmed whatever is true of his body and whatever is true of his soul, so of Christ may be affirmed whatever is true of his human nature and whatever is true of his divinity; as we can say of a man that he is mortal and immortal; that he is a creature of the dust and the child of God: so we may say of Christ that He is finite and infinite; that He is ignorant and omniscient; that He is less than God and equal with God; that He existed from eternity and that He was born in time; that He created all things and that He was a man of sorrows. It is on this principle, that what is true of either nature is true of the person, that a multitude of passages of Scripture are to be explained. These passages are of different kinds.
1. Those in which the predicate belongs to the whole person. This is the most numerous class. Thus when Christ is called our Redeemer, our Lord, our King, Prophet, or Priest, our Shepherd, etc., all these things are true of Him not as the Logos, or Son, nor as the man Christ Jesus, but as the Θεάνθρωπος, the God-man. And in like manner, when He is said to have been humbled, to have given Himself for us, to be the head of the Church, to be our life, and to be our wisdom, righteousness, sanctification, and redemption, this is true of Christ as a person. The same may be said with regard to those passages in which He is said to be exalted above all principalities and powers; to sit at the right hand of God; and to come to judge the world.
2. There are many passages in which the person is the subject, but the predicate is true only of the divine nature, or of the Logos. As when our Lord said, “Before Abraham was I am;” “The glory which I had with thee before the foundation of the world; or when it is said, “Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the world, and the heavens are the work of thine hands.”