Philip Schaff – German-American theologian and church historian.
Schaff was born in Chur, Switzerland and was educated at the gymnasium of Stuttgartt, and at the University of Tubingen, Halle and Berlin, where he was successively influenced by Baur and Schmid, by Tholiuck and Julius Muller and, above all, Neander. In 1842 he was Privatdozent in the University of Berlin, and in 1843 he was called to become professor of church history and Biblical literature in the German Reformed Theological Seminary of Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, then the only seminary of that church in America.
薛夫生千瑞士Chur, 并在斯图卡体育学院和柏林Tubingen, Halle大学大学完成学院。在该处他受到了Baur,Schmid, Tholiuck 和Julius Muller, 特别是Neander的影响。1842年，他进入柏林大学， 1843年他成为宾州Mercersburg德国改革宗神学院（German Reformed Theological Seminary）的教会历史和圣经文学教授。这是
On his journey he stayed in England and met Edward Pusey and other Tractarians. His inaugural address on The Principle of Protestantism, delivrred in German at Reading Pennsylvania, in 1844, and published in German with an English version was a pioneer work in English in the field of symbolics (that is, the authoritative ecclesiastical formulations of religious doctrines in creeds or confessions). This address and the “Mercersburg Theology” which he taught seemed too pro-Catholic to some, and he was charged with heresy. But, at the synod at York, in 1845, he was
他在英国的访问中遇见了Edward Pusye和其他牛津运动的成员(Tractarians) 。1884年他以改革宗的神学大纲(The Principle of Protestantism) 为题在宾州Reading市以德文讲道，并以德文配上英文翻译出版，成为当时英语世界在该领域的划时代之作（就是，对于信经和信条权威性的大公教会公式）。这个研究和他所教导的“Mercersburg神学”看起来是偏天主教的，因此他被攻击为异端。但是在1845年大热纽约大会中，他被无异议的宣布无罪。
In consequence of the ravages of the American Civil War the theological seminary at Mercersburg was closed for a while and so in 1863 Dr. Schaff became secretary of the Sabbath Committee in New York City, and held the position till 1870. He became a professor at Union Theological Seminary, New York City in 1870 holding first the chair of theological encyclopedia and Christian symbolism till 1873, of Hebrew and the cognate languages till 1874, of sacred literature till 1887, and finally of church history, till his death.
Mercers bug神学院因为美国内战的风暴而关闭，没过多久，薛夫不是就成为纽约市Sabbath Committe 的委员长，并担任该职知道1870 ．他在1870年成为纽约市联合神学院(Union Theological Seminary) 的教授，并成为神学百科（ theological encyclopedia）和基督教表号）Christian symbolism）的首席主任教授知道1873年，希伯来文语系首席主任教授直到1874, 圣经文学到1887, 教会历史直到辞世。
His History of the Christian Church resembled Neander’s work, though less biographical, and was pictorial rather than philosophical. He also wrote biographies, catechisms and hymnals for children, manuals of religious verse, lectures and essays on Dante, etc.
他的基督教会史(History of the Christian Church) 重新整理了Neander的作品，虽然减少了些认为介绍，但是是一部更为生动，而不是那么哲学性的著作。他也撰写人物传记，教理，儿童诗歌，宗教境外手册，关于Dante 的教材和论文等等。